First, we will see that Hebrews 11 is permeated by illustrations of faith in the face of death. Death, we will see, is a key theme in Hebrews Second, we will find that the author of Hebrews anticipates resurrection for those who are faithful. Finally, with this context in mind, we will return to Heb Some exhibit faith by accepting death esp.
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In each case faith is clearly situated in the context of death. Craig A. Evans and James A. Richard N. The doctrines in are grouped into three pairs: 1 repentance from dead words and faith toward God; 2 washings and the laying on of hands; and 3 resurrection of the dead and eternal judgment. The eschatological character of perfection is evidenced most clearly in the three times Jesus is said to have been perfected using teleio,w each time: ; ; , which I will now briefly discuss.
This contributes to my argument by showing that resurrection is in view in Heb , where the heroes of faith anticipate perfection, but do not yet realize it. Second, the author affirms that women received their dead back by resurrection a. The author is likely alluding to the widow of Zarephat whose son was raised by Elijah 1 Kgs or the Shunammite woman whose son was raised by Elisha 2 Kgs Although the author is not explicit on this point, it is conceivable that their perfection is a postmortem enduring life.
In Heb , the author introduces Jesus as one who was crowned with glory and honor because of the suffering of death dia. Furthermore, the author finds it fitting e;prepen that God would bring many sons and daughters to glory by making the pioneer avrchgo,j of their salvation perfect through sufferings. In the next verse, Jesus is named a brother with these sons and daughters, which suggests that he too was being brought to glory. The glory is equivalent to the perfection which Jesus experienced through suffering. This is evidenced by , where the author maintains that Jesus was crowned with glory and honor because of the suffering of death dia.
Given the close similarity between glory, honor, and perfection in Heb , we see that Jesus was made perfect after his death. Richard Bauckham et al. See also Scholer, Proleptic Priests, Jesus as the source of eternal salvation in recalls Jesus as the avrchgo,j of salvation in , where he is the one through whom God is bringing many children to glory.
Perfection, then, is closely associated with the eternal salvation that Jesus secures, as God is bringing many children to glory. Unlike the human priests who die, Jesus has been made perfect forever. Melchizedek, who appears years before Levi or Aaron, is a priest of the Most High God on the basis of his unending life The author argues that perfection was not attainable through the Levitical priesthood , as the law made nothing perfect At first glance, the author appears to be saying something similar to what he does in , , and , where the author says that the Levitical sacrificial system could not cleanse human beings from their guilty conscience, due in great part to the constant reminder of sins caused by annual sacrifices.
However, Heb 7 has no such discussion.
Nowhere in Heb 7 does the author mention a struggle with conscience caused by perpetual sacrifices. Therefore, perfection in Hebrews is often associated with enduring life after death. In all three cases where Jesus is said to have been made perfect, this perfection is his enduring life that follows death. Likewise, the perfection which the Levitical priesthood failed to secure in Heb 7 is the perfection that Jesus experienced: an enduring life after death. This reading is further substantiated by the verses immediately following , which deal with life after death.
The author exhorts his hearers to run this same race The connection between the perfection the heroes failed to realize in and the reward of postmortem life we hope to receive in is made evident by the shared destinies between the heroes and us. Therefore, we have reason to consider the perfection that the heroes of faith failed to receive in to be that of an enduring life. Summary Thus we see that the hope of resurrection following faith in the face of death is a key theme in Hebrews. We turn now to Heb , where we find the basis for this resurrection hope introduced. The mother and her seven sons facing martyrdom in 2 Macc 7 base their hope of resurrection in their understanding of God as creator.
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The sons endure torture and accept death, expecting God to vindicate them by raising them again after their deaths. It was not I who gave you life and breath, nor I who set in order the elements within each of you. For creatio ex nihilo in this passage, see Alan F.
Amy-Jill Levine. For the absence of creatio ex nihilo, see Jonathan A. The result of this assertion is the reassurance that God can certainly resurrect the righteous from dust, even from nothing, if nothing remains. See also George W. Peter von der Osten- Sacken. The martyrs of 4 Maccabees are set in an agonistic context. Tortures in 4 Macc are part of a grand contest avgw,n; ; ; ; Brill, , ; Peter J. I treat 4 Macc, including its date, in more detail below. In 2 Macc , the author mentions a number of struggles Jewish people underwent at the hands of Greek rulers.
The Jewish temple was filled with debauchery , the altar was profaned by unholy offerings , and people were unable to keep the Sabbath Those who refused to convert to Greek customs were killed With this bloody backdrop, the author of 2 Macc urges his readers not to be distressed by these calamities, but to see them as punishments meant to discipline If Heb parallels this scene of martyrdom in 2 Macc 7, then the author introduces God as creator in order to substantiate the hope of resurrection we see later in Heb All of the heroes of faith in Heb 11 exercised faith in the face of death, and the author begins this list by noting that God can re-create the lives of those who die in faith.
Bibliography Attridge, Harold W. The Epistle to the Hebrews. Hermeneia Philadelphia: Fortress Press, Bachmann, Michael. Baugh, S. Bulley, Alan D. Cockerill, Gareth Lee. The experience of such punishment is a sign of divine kindness. The Lord kindly punishes his people quickly so as to address sin before it reaches its peak , but he waits patiently and allows the other nations to reach the full measure of their sins before punishing them While he disciplines us with calamities, he does not forsake his own people.
While the torturers may appear to be the ones acting, they are merely tools in the hands of the God who disciplines his people, and will punish those who strive against him The son is clear here that he understands his discipline not as divine abandonment, but as punishment for a time, to be followed by reconciliation. The theme of disciplinary suffering is absent in 4 Macc. Croy, N. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, D'Angelo, Mary Rose. Moses in the Letter to the Hebrews.
SBLDS Missoula: Scholars Press, Septuagint Commentary Series Leiden: Brill, Eisenbaum, Pamela M. Edited by Craig A.
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JSNTSup Sheffield: Sheffield Academic, Atlanta: Scholars Press, Ellingworth, Paul. Gheorghita, Radu. Goldstein, Jonathan A. AB 41A. New York: Doubleday, Teilband Hebr Haacker, Klaus. Hall, Robert G. Psalm 2 Commentary: As we study Psalm 2 we'll be seeing the psalmist's wonder and amazement at the fact that this world is constantly and actively rebelling against God's plan and at the same time they show heated antagonism to God's national representative - the nation of Israel and - in particular in Psalm 2 - to.
Each lesson has questions, fill in the blank; matching, true false; etc. Commentaries on Hebrews.
Christ]", while Paul claims to have received it directly "through a revelation of Jesus Christ. Blessings, Mind On Jesus. CCSS Volumes. While Hughes' commentary dealt much more in the realm of historical theology, his exegesis was not as hermeneutically informed as Guthrie's; While Bruce's commentary had it's high points and especially in regard to his emphasis on the Old Testament in , Guthrie's commentary evidenced not only a faithful explanation of the text, but also an entire philosophy of hermeneutics.
International Bible Lesson Commentary by L. But, he immediately adds, Christ is faithful as a son over God 's house.
Hebrews 3 12 Commentary
Among the new contributions is the commentary on Hebrews by R. Each volume in the series provides exposition that gives careful attention to the biblical text, is doctrinally Reformed, focuses on Christ through the lens of redemptive history, and applies the Bible to our contemporary setting. Text: Hebrews 1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; 3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his.
In like manner, Christians must do the same The following are all the additional resources for The Gospel Project's study plan. Upon salvation, we must continually urge our hearts to remember what is true—what is true about God and what is true about ourselves.
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Peter Take heed, brethren This exhortation is grounded upon the state and case of their ancestors before given, as a warning and caution to the then present Hebrews; and whom the apostle styles "brethren", to show that he had no hard thoughts of them, and that his jealousy was a godly one, and not an evil suspicion; and may teach us that all exhortations, admonitions, and reproofs.
We all need to guard against unbelief as we would against an enemy. For more than years, Biblica, the International Bible Society, has helped millions of people access and experience God's Word. And a heart of. Adam died during the sixth, thousand-year, creative "day" - he never did cross over into God's seventh day of rest. To report a broken link or for other assistance please email us at: vwbutts att.
Click on any part of the Bible below to start reading. Hebrews For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.
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